The Ashtavakra Gita, or the Ashtavakra Samhita as it is sometimes called, is a spiritual dialogue between the sage Ashtavakra and King Janaka. This ancient Indian scripture presents a radical version of non-dualistic Vedanta philosophy. It consists of a conversation that takes place on the nature of reality, self, and liberation.

In this text, Ashtavakra’s teachings emphasize the nature of the Self as pure consciousness, advocating a path of knowledge and wisdom as means to achieve self-realization. It dismisses ritualistic and dogmatic approaches to enlightenment, focusing instead on direct insight and realization of one’s true nature as whole and untouched by worldly suffering or illusion.

The Ashtavakra Gita is celebrated for its poetic beauty and the profoundness of its insights into the nature of existence and the self. It’s often admired for its uncompromising approach to spiritual truth, presenting a stark and direct path to the non-dual reality, beyond the ego and mind’s constructs.


Here’s a 20-point summary of the main teachings and themes found in the Ashtavakra Gita:

  1. Oneness of Self: The text asserts that Atman (self) and Brahman (universal consciousness) are one.
  2. Illusion of Duality: It emphasizes that the world of duality is an illusion (Maya).
  3. Nature of Reality: Reality is described as unchanging and constant, beyond birth and death.
  4. Importance of Knowledge: Knowledge, not ritual, is asserted as the key to liberation.
  5. Self-Realization: The goal is to recognize one’s self as pure consciousness.
  6. Dispassion and Detachment: Encourages detachment from the material world and mental constructs.
  7. Beyond Birth and Death: The self is beyond birth, death, and existence in time.
  8. Ego and Ignorance: Ego and personal identity are seen as ignorance.
  9. Freedom from Suffering: Liberation (Moksha) is freedom from all suffering and the cycle of death and rebirth.
  10. Spontaneity in Action: Encourages actions to be done spontaneously, without attachment to outcomes.
  11. Direct Path to Enlightenment: The text advocates for a direct approach to realizing the self.
  12. Inherent Perfection: Suggests that the self is already perfect and complete.
  13. Irrelevance of Morality: Morality is not a focus; rather, understanding the true nature of self transcends conventional morality.
  14. Indifference to Worldly Affairs: Advises indifference to success and failure, pleasure and pain.
  15. Freedom from Desire: Advocates living free from desires as the way to peace.
  16. Nature of Mind: Discusses the mind’s nature as the creator of illusion and suffering.
  17. Simplicity of Liberation: Liberation is presented as something simple and natural, not complex or distant.
  18. Critique of Scriptures and Rituals: Criticizes reliance on scriptures, rituals, and traditional religious practices for liberation.
  19. Equality of All Beings: Emphasizes the spiritual equality of all beings.
  20. Instant Liberation: Suggests that enlightenment and liberation can be instantaneous with the realization of one’s true nature.

About the author

Shiva Rajaya

Tantrika / Life coach / Activator of new evolutionary codes for the planet and humankind