1. Venus is the Roman goddess of love, beauty, desire, and fertility, analogous to the Greek goddess Aphrodite.
  2. The name “Venus” originates from the Latin word ‘venus’ which stands for love and beauty, a testament to her divine roles.
  3. In Roman mythology, Venus was born from the sea after Saturn (Greek god Cronus) castrated his father Uranus (Ouranos), and his parts fell into the ocean.
  4. Venus is also considered the mother of the Roman people as she was the mother of Aeneas, a hero in the Trojan War who went on to found Rome.
  5. She played an important role in many Roman religious festivals such as Veneralia and the festival of Venus Genetrix.
  6. Veneralia, celebrated on April 1, was a day of washing and cleaning Venus’s statues, and of women seeking the goddess’s particular favor.
  7. The festival of Venus Genetrix, celebrated on September 26, was dedicated to Venus as the mother of the Roman people.
  8. Venus has numerous epithets that reflect her different aspects, roles, and importance in Roman religion, such as Venus Felix (lucky Venus), Venus Victrix (Venus who brings victory), and Venus Verticordia (Venus the changer of hearts).
  9. The cult of Venus was associated with all the aspects of love and beauty. It was also linked to the welfare and prosperity of women, as well as marriage and fertility.
  10. She had several temples dedicated to her throughout Rome, with the most famous being the Temple of Venus and Roma. This was the largest temple in Ancient Rome, located near the Colosseum.
  11. Another notable temple was the Temple of Venus Genetrix in the Forum of Caesar, built by Julius Caesar after he claimed to be a descendant of Venus.
  12. In Pompeii, the most popular goddess was Venus. The city was devoted to Venus Physica Pompeiana, who was seen as the geographically-specific incarnation of Venus herself.
  13. Romans would often make offerings to Venus to seek her favor. These could include small gifts, written verses, and, on some occasions, animal sacrifices, such as a white dove.
  14. In ancient Roman art, Venus was often depicted as a beautiful woman, embodying the ideals of feminine beauty of the time. She was often seen in statues and paintings, sometimes accompanied by Cupid.
  15. During the reign of Augustus, Venus was frequently used in Roman art and coinage as a symbol of the supposed divine lineage of the Caesar family.
  16. The Romans believed that Venus had the ability to bestow beauty on mortals. Many women would pray to her for beauty and attractiveness.
  17. Venus has been a central figure in post-classical Western art and literature. Perhaps the most famous representation of her is the sculpture ‘Venus de Milo’, now housed in the Louvre.
  18. Venus’ impact on Western civilization extends beyond mythology and worship. She is also the root of the word ‘venereal’, reflecting her association with sexual desire.
  19. The planet Venus, the second planet from the sun, is named after the goddess because of its brightness and beauty in the night sky.
  20. Today, Venus remains a symbol of love and beauty. Her story continues to inspire artists, writers, and musicians, highlighting her timeless influence on human culture.


The depiction of Venus, the goddess of love and beauty, emerging from the sea in a shell is a reference to her birth in Roman mythology. The story goes that she was born fully grown from the foam of the sea, which was created from the severed genitals of Uranus (the sky god) that were thrown into the ocean by his son, Saturn.

The most famous depiction of Venus emerging from the shell is the painting “The Birth of Venus” by Sandro Botticelli, an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance. In this painting, Venus’s birth is shown as a moment of pure beauty and innocence as she is driven to shore on a scallop shell, symbolizing spiritual and physical love. The shell, then, acts as a metaphorical womb, and her emergence from it represents the birth of beauty and love into the world.

This iconic image has become a lasting symbol of feminine beauty and the transformative power of love. It represents not just physical beauty, but also the spiritual and intellectual aspects of love, as well as its ability to bring about creation and rebirth.

About the author

Shiva Rajaya

Tantrika / Life coach / Activator of new evolutionary codes for the planet and humankind